AT A GLANCE

Monarchs of British islands

Kings and Queens of England, Scotland, Great Britain and/or the United Kingdom since 1000AD

Monarchs ranked

Oldest at accession

  1. William IV
    In 1830 aged 64
  2. Edward VII
    In 1901 aged 60
  3. George IV
    In 1820 aged 58

Youngest at coronation

  1. Henry VI
    In 1429 aged 7
  2. Henry III
    In 1220 aged 9
  3. Edward VI
    In 1547 aged 10

Shortest reign*

  1. Edmund Ironside
    7 months and 7 days, 1016
  2. Harold II
    9 months and 8 days, 1066
  3. Richard III
    2 years and 57 days, 1483-1485
*among undisputed and crowned monarchs only

Longest reign

  1. Elizabeth II
    Ongoing - Over 63 years and 216 days
  2. Victoria
    63 years, 216 days
  3. George III
    59 years, 96 days

Chronologically by year of accession

Explanation of selected terminology and symbols

LABEL EXPLANATION
Acceeded
Year of the monarch's accession to the throne prior to coronation
Issue (leg.)
Number of children born to the monarch and recognised as legitimate heirs by virtue of having been conceived in wedlock.
Issue (illeg.)
Number of children born to the monarch deemed illegtitimate due to having conceived out of wedlock.
W
Monarch born and recognised as a woman
Uncrowned
Monarch recognised as having acceeded to the throne but had no coronation.
Disputed
Subject's claim to the specific is disputed, likely suggesting they ruled over a majority of the realm but not its entirety.
Lifespan / reign

Monarch's overall lifespan
% of lifespan as monarch

Earliest female monarchs*

  1. Mary, Queen of Scots
    Queen of Scotland from 1542-1567, daughter of James V
  2. Mary I
    Queen of England, Wales & Ireland from 1553-1558 (alongside King Philip)
  3. Elizabeth I
    Queen of England, Wales & Ireland from 1558-1567
*among undisputed and crowned monarchs only

As of the 1707 Acts of Union

MONARCH TITLE BORN ACCEEDED DIED ISSUE (LEG.) ISSUE (ILLEG.)
Elizabeth II
1926
W
1952 TBD 4 0
Brother
George VI
Also final monarch of Ireland and India
1895 1936 1952 2 0
Edward VIII
Voluntarily abdicated after ten months
Uncrowned
1894 1936 1972 0 0
George V
1865 1910 1936 6 0
Edward VII
Also first Emperor of India and first King of British Dominions
1841 1901 1910 6 0
Niece
Victoria
Also Empress of India from 1876
1819
W
1837 1901 9 0
Brother
William IV
Also final King of Hanover
1765 1830 1837 2 10
George IV
Also first King of Hanover from 1814
1762 1820 1830 1 0
Grandson
George III
1738 1760 1820 15 0
George II
1683 1727 1760 8 0
2nd Cousin
George I
1660 1714 1727 2 3
Sister-in-law
Anne
1665
W
1702 1714 5 0

As of the Restoration of the British monarchy in 1660

MONARCH TITLE BORN ACCEEDED DIED ISSUE (LEG.) ISSUE (ILLEG.)
Husband
William III
aka William of Orange & as William II in Scotland
1650 1689 1702 0 0
Mary II
1662
W
1689 1694 0 0
Brother
James II
As James VII in Scotland
1633 1685 1701 15* 7*
Charles II
Inherited the throne in 1660 after the abolition of the English Commonwealth
1630 1660* 1685 0 14+

As of the Commonwealth of England established in 1649

LORD PRT.
TITLE BORN ACCEEDED DIED ISSUE (LEG.) ISSUE (ILLEG.)
Richard
Cromwell
1626 1658 1712 9 n/a
Oliver
Cromwell
1599 1653 1658 9 n/a
None
A Rump Parliament established the Commonwealth of England in the aftermath of the Second English Civil War.
n/a 1649 n/a n/a n/a

Of England (also Wales from 1283 and Ireland from 1542)

MONARCH TITLE BORN ACCEEDED DIED ISSUE (LEG.) ISSUE (ILLEG.)
Charles I
1600 1625 1649 9 0
1st cousin
2 removed
James I
Already James VI in Scotland since 1567
1566 1603 1625 7 0
Half-sister
Elizabeth I
1533
W
1558 1603 0 0
1st cousin 1 removed
Mary I
with Philip of Naples / Philip II of Spain
1516
W
1553 1558 0 0
1st cousin 1 removed
Jane
aka Lady Jane Grey
Disputed
1536/7
W
1553 1554 0 0
Edward VI
1537 1547 1553 0 0
Henry VIII
Also King of Ireland from 1542
1491 1509 1547 4 1+
4th cousin
1 removed
Henry VII
1457 1485 1509 8 1
Uncle
Richard III
1452 1483 1485 1 2
Edward V
Uncrowned
1470 1483 1483* 0 0
3rd cousin
2 removed
Edward IV
Deposed for six months and replaced by Henry VI between 1470 and 1471.
1442 1461 1483 10 5+
Henry VI
Deposed for nine and a half years before a second brief reign between 1470 and 1471.
1421 1422 1471 1 0
Henry V
1387 1413 1422 1 0
Cousin
Henry IV
1367 1399 1413 6 0
Grandson
Richard II
1367 1377 1400 0 0
Edward III
Also claimed King of France from 1337
1312 1327 1377 9 0
Edward II
1284 1307 1327 4 1
Edward I
aka 'Longshanks', also de facto King of Wales from 1283
1239 1274 1307 14+ 3
Henry III
1207 1216 1272 5 0
Brother
John
Also Lord of Ireland from 1177
1166 1199 1216 5 0
Richard
The Lionheart
1157 1189 1199 0 1
Henry II
aka Henry Plantaganet
1133 1154 1189 10 0
Cousin
Matilda
Former Holy Roman Empress 1114-1125. Disputed reign, as Lady of the English, disrupted the reign of King Stephen between 1141 and 1148.
Disputed
1102
W
1141 1167 3 0
Nephew
Stephen
aka Stephen of Blois. Reign disrupted by the disputed reign of Matilda between 1141 and 1148.
1092/6 1135 1154 5 0
Brother
Henry
Also Duke of Normandy from 1106
1068 1100 1135 2+ 25+
William II
aka William Rufus
1056 1087 1100 0 0
William
aka William The Conqueror
1028 1066 1087 9+ 0
Edgar
aka Edgar the Ætheling
Disputed - Uncrowned
1051 1066 1126 0 0
Harold II
aka Harold Godwinson
1022 1066 1066 7 0
Edward
aka Edward The Confessor
1003 1043 1066 0 0
Harthacnut
additionally as King of Denmark
1018 1040 1042 0 0
Harold Harefoot
Uncrowned?
c.1016 1035 1040 0 1*
Cnut (aka Canute)
additionally as King of Denmark & Norway
c.995 1017 1035 4 0
Edmund Ironside
Est.
c.991 1016 1016 2 0
Æthelred the Unready
Deposed for three months between 1013 and 2014 by Sweyn Forkbeard
c.967 978 1016 13+ 0
Various
Rulers of House Wessex
c.450-500 519 978

Of Scotland only

MONARCH TITLE BORN ACCEEDED DIED ISSUE (LEG.) ISSUE (ILLEG.)
James VI
Also King of England from 1603 as James I
1566 1567 1625 7 0
Mary
Queen of Scots
1542
W
1542 1587 1 0
James V
1512 1513 1542 3 9+
James IV
1473 1488 1513 4 5+
James III
1451 1460 1488 3 0
James II
1430 1437 1460 7 1
James I
1394 1406 1437 8 0
Robert III
c.1337 1390 1406 7 2+
Nephew
Robert II
1316 1371 1390 14 0
Edward Balliol
Disputed
1283 1332 1367 0 0
David II
1324 1329 1371 0 0
Robert
aka Robert The Bruce
1274 1306 1329 5 6
Various
Interregnum 1296-1306
House Balliol 1292-1296
Interregnum 1290-1292
House Sverre
1286-1290 (DISP.)
House Dunkeld 1034-1286
House Alpin 848-1034
848
Information sources: Wikipedia