AT A GLANCE

World leaders

A few facts on 197 national rulers, heads of state and government leaders

Leaders ranked

Chronologically by decade of birth

Gender 1920-29 1930-39 1940-49 1950-59 1960-69 1970-79 1980-89
Men
3 9 48 72 45 16 2
Women
1 2 6 2

Chronologically by inception of leadership

Gender 1967-84 1985-99 2000-04 2005-09 2010-14 2015-17
Men
5 18 9 23 77 62
Women
4 2 6

Alphabetically by nation

Key for terminology and symbols

Label Explanation
Type C - Chairman; CEO - Chief Executive Officer (Afghanistan only); CLR - Chancellor; CR - Captains Regent (San Marino only); FCL - Federal Council member; FS - First Secretary; GEN - Governor-General; GS - General Secretary; HG - Head (or Chief) of Government; MS - Minister of State (Monaco only); PRES - President; PRES-G - President of Governorate (Vatican City only); PM - Prime Minister or Premier; SOV - Sovereign (hereditary); SOV E - Sovereign (elected); SOV PM - Sovereign also Head of Government; SOV UK - Sovereign is based in the United Kingdom.
Began The year the individual's leadership started.
Terms The total number of periods of an individual's leadership between elections or in the case of sovereigns the entire duration of their leadership.
* indicates clarification or context recommended for this information e.g. an individual's leadership or a particular term of it may have been reported as politically illegitimate or there was a transfer of leadership between elections.

Key for candidate's electoral term status

Work in progress
Candidate appointed amidst allegations of either electoral fraud, corruption and/or negligence of due process.
Candidate appointed by agreement reached amidst allegations of either electoral fraud, corruption and/or negligence of due process.
Candidate appointed unopposed during predecessor's term - yet to contest leadership election or Parliamentary election.
Candidate appointed following leadership election victory.
Candidate appointed following legitimate Parliamentary election victory.
Candidate appointed following Parliamentary election victory accepted by independent observers as legitimate despite irregularities.

A-I

NATION & LEADER TYPE BORN BEGAN TERMS PARTY
Afghanistan
Ashraf
Ghani
PRES CEO 1949
M
2014 1
+
IND
Albania
Edi
Rama
PRES PM 1964
M
2013 1
+
PS
Algeria
Abdelaziz
Bouteflika
PRES PM 1937
M
1999 4
+
FLN
Andorra
Antoni
Martí
SOV PM 1963
M
2011 2
+
DA
Angola
José Eduardo
dos Santos
PRES 1942
M
1979 5
+++++
MPLA
Antigua & Barbuda
Gaston
Browne
SOV UK PM 1967
M
2014 1
+
LAB
Argentina
Mauricio
Macri
PRES 1959
M
2015 1
+
PRO
Armenia
Serzh
Sargsyan
PRES PM 1954
M
2008 2
++
RPA
Australia
Malcolm
Turnbull
SOV UK PM 1954
M
2015 1
+
LPA
Austria
Christian
Kern
PRES CLR 1966
M
2016 1
+
SPÖ
Azerbaijan
Ilham
Aliyev
PRES PM 1961
M
2003 3*
+++
NZP
Bahamas
Perry
Christie
SOV UK GEN PM 1943
M
2012 1
PLP
Bahrain
Hamad
bin Isa Al Khalifa
SOV PM 1950
M
1999 1
SOV
Bangladesh
Sheikh
Hasina
PRES PM 1947
W
1996 2009 1, 2
BPL
Barbados
Freundel
Stuart
SOV UK GEN PM 1951
M
2013 1
DLP
Belarus
Alexander
Lukashenko
PRES PM 1954
M
1994 5*
IND
Belgium
Charles
Michel
SOV PM 1975
M
2014 1
MR
Belize
Dean
Barrow
SOV UK PM 1951
M
2008 3
UDP
Benin
Patrice
Talon
PRES 1958
M
2016 1
IND
Bhutan
Tshering
Tobgay
SOV PM* 1965
M
2013 1
SOV
Bolivia
Evo
Morales
PRES 1959
M
2006 3
MAS
Bosnia Herzegovina
Valentin
Inzko
HR C & 2 PRES 1949
M
2009

Botswana
Ian
Khama
PRES 1953
M
2008 2
BDP
Brazil
Michel
Temer
VIA COUP
PRES 1940
M
2016 1
PT
Brunei
Hassanal
Bolkiah
SOV PM 1946
M
1967 1
SOV
Bulgaria
Ognyan
Gerdzhikov
ACTING
PRES PM 1946
M
2017 1
NDSV
Burkina Faso
Roch M C
Kaboré
PRES PM 1957
M
2015 1
MPP
Burundi
Pierre
Nkurunziza
PRES 1963
M
2005 3*
CNDD-FDD
Cambodia
Hun
Sen
SOV PM 1952
M
1998 5*
CPP
Cameroon
Paul
Biya
PRES PM 1933
M
1982 6
CPDM
Canada
Justin
Trudeau
SOV UK GEN PM 1971
M
2015 3
LPC
Cape Verde
Jorge Carlos
Fonseca
PRES PM 1950
M
2011 1
MpD
Central African Republic
Faustin-Archange
Touadéra
PRES PM 1957
M
2016 1
IND
Chad
Idriss
Déby
PRES PM 1952
M
1990 5*
MPS
Chile
Michelle
Bachelet
PRES 1951
M
2014 1
PS
China
Xi
Jinping
GS/PRES PM 1953
M
2012 1
CPC
Colombia
Juan Manuel
Santos
PRES 1951
M
2010 2
SPNU
Comoros
Azali
Assoumani
PRES 1959
M
2016 1
CRC
Congo
Denis Sassou
Nguesso
PRES PM 1943
M
1979* 8*
PCT
Congo DR
Joseph
Kabila
PRES PM 1971
M
2001 3*
PPRD
Costa Rica
Luis Guillermo
Solís
PRES 1958
M
2014 1
PAC
Croatia
Andrej
Plenkovic
PRES PM 1970
M
2016 1
HDZ
Cuba
Raúl
Castro
FS/PRES 1931
M
2006* 1
PCC
Cyprus
Nicos
Anastasiades
PRES 1946
M
2013 1
DISY
Czech Republic
Bohuslav
Sobotka
PRES PM 1971
M
2014 1
SPO
Denmark
Lars Løkke
Rasmussen
SOV PM 1964
M
2015 1
VEN
Djibouti
Ismaïl Omar
Guelleh
PRES PM 1947
M
1999 3*
RPP
Dominica
Roosevelt
Skerrit
PRES PM 1972
M
2004 1
DLP
Dominican Republic
Danilo Medina
Sánchez
PRES 1951
M
2012 1
DLP
East Timor
Taur Matan
Ruak
PRES PM 1956
M
2012 1
IND
Ecuador
Rafael
Correa
PRES 1963
M
2007 3
PAIS
Egypt
Abdel
Fattah el-Sisi
PRES PM 1954
M
2014 1
IND
El Salvador
Salvador Sánchez
Cerén
PRES 1944
M
2014 1
FMLN
Equatorial Guinea
Teodoro O N
Mbasogo
PRES PM 1942
M
1979 5*
PDGE
Eritrea
Isaias
Afwerki
PRES 1946
M
1991 1*
PFDJ
Estonia
Jüri
Ratas
PRES PM 1978
M
2016 1
EK
Ethiopia
Hailemariam
Desalegn
PRES PM 1965
M
2012 1
SEPDM
Fiji
Frank
Bainimarama
PRES PM 1954
M
2014 1
FF
Finland
Juha
Sipilä
PRES PM 1961
M
2015 1
SK
France
Emmanuel
Macron
PRES PM 1977
M
2017 1
EM
Gabon
Ali Bongo
Ondimba
PRES PM 1959
M
2009 1*
GDP
Gambia
Adama
Barrow
PRES 1965
M
2017 1
UDP
Georgia
Giorgi
Margvelashvili
PRES PM 1969
M
2013 1
IND
Germany
Angela
Merkel
PRES CLR 1954
W
2005 3
CDU
Ghana
Nana
Akufo-Addo
PRES 1944
M
2017 1
NPP
Greece
Alexis
Tsipras
PRES PM 1974
M
2015 2*
SZA
Grenada
Keith
Mitchell
SOV UK GEN PM 1946
M
2013 1
NNP
Guatemala
Jimmy
Morales
PRES 1969
M
2016 1
FCN
Guinea
Alpha
Condé
PRES PM 1938
M
2010 1
RPG
Guinea-Bissau
José Mário
Vaz
PRES PM 1957
M
2014 1
PAIGC
Guyana
David A.
A. Granger
PRES PM 1945
M
2015 1
PNC

H-O

NATION & LEADER TYPE BORN BEGAN TERMS PARTY
Haiti
Jovenel
Moïse
PRES PM 1968
M
2017 1
PHTK
Honduras
Juan Orlando
Hernández
PRES 1968
M
2014 1
PNH
Hungary
Viktor
Orbán
PRES PM 1963
M
2010 2
FDZ
Iceland
Bjarni
Benediktsson
PRES PM 1970
M
2017 1
INP
India
Narendra
Modi
PRES PM 1950
M
2014 1
BJP
Indonesia
Joko
Widodo
PRES 1961
M
2014 1
PDI-P
Iran
Hassan
Rouhani
SOV E PRES* 1948
M
2013 1
MDP
Iraq
Haider
al-Abadi
PRES PM 1952
M
2014 1
IDP
Ireland
Enda
Kenny
PRES PM 1951
M
2011 2*
FG
Israel
Benjamin
Netanyahu
PRES PM 1949
M
2009 3
LKD
Italy
Paolo
Gentiloni
PRES PM 1954
M
2016 1
PD
Ivory Coast
Alassane
Ouattara
PRES PM 1942
M
2010 1
RDR
Jamaica
Andrew
Holness
SOV UK GEN PM 1972
M
2016 1
JLP
Japan
Shinzō
Abe
SOV PM 1954
M
2012 1
LDP
Jordan
KING
Abdullah II
SOV PM 1962
M
1999 1
SOV
Kazakhstan
Nursultan
Nazarbayev
PRES PM 1940
M
1991 5*
NO
Kenya
Uhuru
Kenyatta
PRES 1961
M
2013 1
TNA
Kiribati
Taneti
Mamau
PRES 1960
M
2016 1
TKP
Korea DPR
Kim
Jong-un
C PM 1983
M
2011 1
WPK
Korea Republic
Moon
Jae-in
PRES PM 1953
M
2017 1
DM
Kosovo
Isa
Mustafa
PRES PM 1951
M
2014 1
LDK
Kuwait
EMIR
Al-Sabah
SOV PM 1929
M
2006 1
SOV
Kyrgyzstan
Sooronbay
Jeenbekov
PRES PM 1958
M
2016 1
IND
Laos
Bounnhang
Vorachith
GS/PRES PM 1938
M
2016 1
LPRP
Latvia
Māris
Kučinskis
PRES PM 1961
M
2016 1
LP
Lebanon
Saad
Hariri
PRES 1970
M
2016 1, 1
FM
Lesotho
Pakalitha
Mosisili
SOV PM 1945
M
2015 1
DCL
Liberia
Ellen J
Sirleaf
PRES 1938
W
2006 2
UP
Libya
Fayez
al-Sarraj
C & PM 1960
M
2016 1
IND
Liechtenstein
Regent
Alois
SOV HG 1968
M
2004 1
SOV
Lithuania
Dalia
Grybauskaitė
PRES PM 1956
W
2009 2
IND
Luxembourg
Xavier
Bettel
SOV PM 1973
M
2013 1
DP
Macedonia
Emil
Dimitriev
INTERIM
PRES PM 1960
M
2009 2
IND
Madagascar
Hery
Rajaonarimampianina
PRES PM 1958
M
2014 1
HVM
Malawi
Peter
Mutharika
PRES 1940
M
2014 1
DPP
Malaysia
Najib
Razak
SOV E PM 1953
M
2009 2
UMNO
Maldives
Abdulla
Yameen
PRES 1959
M
2013 1
PP
Mali
Ibrahim Boubacar
Keïta
PRES PM 1945
M
2013 1
RpM
Malta
Joseph
Muscat
PRES PM 1974
M
2013 1
LAB
Marshall Islands
Hilda
Heine
PRES 1951
W
2016 1
IND
Mauritania
Mohamed O A
Aziz
PRES PM 1956
M
2009 2*
UPR
Mauritius
Pravind
Jugnauth
PRES PM 1961
M
2017 1
MSM
Mexico
Enrique Peña
Nieto
PRES 1966
M
2012 1
IRP
Micronesia
Peter M
Christian
PRES 1947
M
2015 1
IND
Moldova
Pavel
Filip
PRES PM 1966
M
2016 1
PDM
Monaco
PRINCE
Albert II
SOV MS 1958
M
2005 1
SOV
Mongolia
Tsakhiagiin
Elbegdorj
PRES PM 1963
M
2009 2
DP
Montenegro
Duško
Marković
PRES PM 1958
M
2016 1
DPS
Morocco
KING
Mohammed VI
SOV PM 1963
M
1999 1
n/a
Mozambique
Filipe
Nyusi
PRES PM 1959
M
2015 1
FLM
Myanmar
Aung
San Suu Kyi
PRES SC 1945
W
2016 1
NLD
Namibia
Hage
Geingob
PRES PM 1941
M
2015 1
SWAPO
Nauru
Baron
Waqa
PRES 1959
M
2013 1
IND
Nepal
Pushpa Kamal
Dahal
PRES PM 1954
M
2016 1
CPN (M-C)
Netherlands
Mark
Rutte
SOV PM 1967
M
2010 3
VVD
New Zealand
Bill
English
Uncontested
SOV UK GEN PM 1961
M
2016 1
NZN
Nicaragua
Daniel
Ortega
PRES 1945
M
1979* 4*
FSLN
Niger
Mahamadou
Issoufou
PRES PM 1952
M
2011 1*
NPDS
Nigeria
Yemi
Osinbajo
Acting
PRES 1957
M
2017 1
APC
Norway
Erna
Solberg
SOV PM 1961
W
2013 1
CON
Oman
Qaboos
bin Said al Said
SOV PM 1940
M
1970 1
SOV

P-Z

NATION & LEADER TYPE BORN BEGAN TERMS PARTY
Pakistan
Nawaz
Sharif
PRES PM 1949
M
2013 1
PML-N
Palau
Tommy
Remengesau
PRES 1956
M
2013 1
IND
Palestine
Mahmoud
Abbas
PRES PM 1935
M
2005 1*
FTH
Panama
Juan Carlos
Varela
PRES 1963
M
2014 1
PP
Papua New Guinea
Peter
O'Neill
SOV UK PM 1965
M
2012 1
PNC
Paraguay
Horacio
Cartes
PRES 1956
M
2013 1
ANR-PC
Peru
Pedro Pablo
Kuczynski
PRES PM 1962
M
2016 1
PNP
Philippines
Rodrigo
Duterte
PRES 1945
M
2016 1
PLP
Poland
Beata
Szydło
PRES PM 1963
W
2015 1
PiS
Portugal
Marcelo Rebelo
de Sousa
PRES PM 1948
M
2016 1
IND
Qatar
Tamim
bin Hamad Al Thani
SOV PM 1980
M
2013 1
SOV
Romania
Klaus
Iohannis
PRES PM 1959
M
2014 1
IND
Russia
Vladimir
Putin
PRES PM 1952
M
1999* 3*
UR
Rwanda
Paul
Kagame
PRES PM 1957
M
2000 3
RPF
Saint Kitts & Nevis
Timothy
Harris
SOV UK GEN PM 1964
M
2015 1
PLP
Saint Lucia
Allen
Chastanet
SOV UK GEN PM 1961?
M
2016 1
UWP
Saint Vincent & the Grenadines
Ralph
Gonsalves
SOV UK GEN PM 1946
M
2001 3
ULP
Samoa
Tuilaepa A S
Malielegaoi
HG PM 1945
M
1998 4
HRP
San Marino
Marino
Riccardi
CR 1958
M
2016 1
PDCS
Sao Tome & Principe
Evaristo
Carvalho
PRES PM 1941
M
2016 1
ADI
Saudi Arabia
KING
Salman bin Abdulaziz
SOV PM 1935
M
2015 1
SOV
Senegal
Macky
Sall
PRES PM 1961
M
2012 1
APR
Serbia
Aleksandar
Vučić
PRES PM 1970
M
2014 1
SNS
Seychelles
Danny
Faure
PRES 1962
M
2016 1
PP
Sierra Leone
Ernest Bai
Koroma
PRES 1953
M
2007 2
APC
Singapore
Lee Hsien
Loong
PRES PM 1952
M
2004 4
PAP
Slovakia
Robert
Fico
PRES PM 1964
M
2012 2
SMER-SD
Slovenia
Miro
Cerar
PRES PM 1963
M
2014 1
SMC
Solomon Islands
Manasseh
Sogavare
SOV UK GEN PM 1955
M
2014 1
SCP
Somalia
Hassan
Khayre
PRES| PM 1968
M
2017 1
IND
South Africa
Jacob
Zuma
PRES 1942
M
2009 2
ANC
South Sudan
Salva Kiir
Mayardit
PRES 1951
M
2011* 1
SPLM
Spain
Mariano
Rajoy
SOV PM 1955
M
2011 2
PP
Sri Lanka
Maithripala
Sirisena
PRES PM 1949
M
2015 1
UNP
Sudan
Omar
al-Bashir
PRES 1944
M
1989 4*
NCP
Suriname
Dési
Bouterse
PRES 1945
M
2010 2
NDP
Swaziland
KING
Mswati III
SOV PM 1968
M
1986 1
SOV
Sweden
Stefan
Löfven
SOV PM 1957
M
2014 1
SAP
Switzerland
Doris
Leuthard
PRES & 5 FCL 1963
W
2017 1
FDP
Syria
Bashar
al-Assad
PRES PM 1965
M
2000 2*
ASB
Taiwan (Republic of China)
Tsai
Ing-wen
PRES PM 1956
W
2016 1
DPP
Tajikistan
Emomali
Rahmon
PRES PM 1952
M
1992 4*
PDP
Tanzania
John
Magufuli
PRES PM 1959
M
2015 1
CCM
Thailand
Prayut
Chan-o-cha
SOV PM 1954
M
2014* 1*
IND
Togo
Faure
Gnassingbé
PRES PM 1966
M
2005* 3
UNIR
Tonga
KING
Tupou VI
SOV PM 1959
M
2012 1
SOV
Trinidad & Tobago
Keith
Rowley
PRES| PM 1949
M
2015 1

Tunisia
Beji Caid
Essebsi
PRES HG 1926
M
2014 1
CT
Turkey
Recep T
Erdoğan
PRES PM 1954
M
2014 1
JDP
Turkmenistan
Gurbanguly
Berdimuhamedow
PRES 1957
M
2006 3*
TDP
Tuvalu
Enele
Sopoaga
SOV UK GEN PM 1956
M
2013 1
IND
Uganda
Yoweri
Museveni
PRES PM 1944
M
1986* 5*
NRM
Ukraine
Petro
Poroshenko
PRES PM 1965
M
2014 1
PPB
United Arab Emirates
Khalifa
bin Zayed Al Nahyan
PRES PM 1948
M
2004 1
SOV
United Kingdom
Theresa
May
Uncontested
SOV UK PM 1956
W
2016 1
CON
United States
Donald
Trump
PRES 1946
M
2017 1
REP
Uruguay
Tabaré
Vázquez
PRES 1940
M
2015 1
SPU
Uzbekistan
Shavkat
Mirziyoyev
PRES PM 1957
M
2016 1
ULDP
Vanuatu
Charlot
Salwai
PRES PM 1963
M
2016 1
NA
Vatican City
Pope
Francis
SOV E PRES-G 1936
M
2013 1
SOV
Venezuela
Nicolás
Maduro
PRES 1962
M
2013 1
USP
Vietnam
Nguyễn Phú
Trọng
GS| PRES PM 1944
M
2011 1
CPV
Yemen
Abdrabbuh M
Hadi
EXILED
PRES PM 1945
M
2012 1
GPC
Zambia
Edgar
Lungu
PRES 1956
M
2015 1
PF
Zimbabwe
Robert
Mugabe
PRES 1924
M
1987 5*
ZANU-PF
Information sources: Wikipedia