AT A GLANCE

World nations

A few facts and figures on this world's nations, states and territories

Nations ranked

Largest mainland
by millions of Km2

  1. 17.1
    Russia
  2. 9.98
    Canada
  3. 9.64
    China

Smallest mainland*
by hundreds of Km2

  1. 1.6
    Liechtenstein
  2. 25.9
    Luxembourg
  3. 60.2
    Palestine
*excluding islands, enclaves and city states

Most populated
in millions

  1. 1,376
    China
  2. 1,326
    India
  3. 324.1
    United States

Least populated
in thousands

  1. 10.1
    Nauru
  2. 11.32
    Tuvalu
  3. 20.9
    Palau
*excluding city states

Most densely populated
by people per Km2

  1. 1,123
    Bangladesh

    out of 161.71M people
  2. 650
    Taiwan

    out of 23.53M
  3. 507
    South Korea

    out of 50.8M
*excluding national populations of under 10M

Least densely populated
by people per Km2

  1. 2
    Mongolia
    out of 3M people
  2. 3
    Botswana
    out of 2.02M
  3. 3
    Mauritania
    out of 3.46M

Most densely populated in Europe* by people per Km2

  1. 424.3
    England
    out of 55.6M people
  2. 415.3
    Netherlands
    out of 17.2M
  3. 372.1
    Belgium
    out of 11.3M
*excluding nations under 10,000 Km2 in size and any with populations of under 1M

Alphabetically by nation

Key

Label Description
Began
Tends to indicate the first year of the nation's existence in its current form politically (e.g. as a Republic independent of another nation's rule) irrespective of its previous political and geographical consistency.
CCTLD
Thousands of Km2
Thousands of square kilometres in geographical area (with figures of a thousand or more equating a million or more square kilometres)
Estimated Population (millions)
Number of people in millions (with figures over a billion given as a thousand-million)
Label Description
People per Km2
Number of people per square kilometre ie Population Density
HDI
GDP
Gross Domestic Product (nominal)
Currency
Indicates the main forms of currency used in the country.
Nation Began* Capital CCTLD Thousands of Km2 Estimated Population (Millions) People per Km2 HDI rank 2017 GDP
(Billions $)
Currency
Afghanistan
1709Kabul.af652.8635.5349.917121.05Afghani
Albania
1190*Tirana.al28.752.93988513Lek
Algeria
1962Algiers.dz2381.7441.3215.983175.49Dinar
Andorra
1278Andorra la Vella.ad0.470.077179.8343.16Euro
Angola
1975Luanda.ao1246.7029.8120.7149124.03Kwanza
Antigua & Barbuda
1967St. John's.ag0.440.101186581.53Dollar (reg.)
Argentina
1816Buenos Aires.ar2780.4043.8514.440619.87Peso
Armenia
1918 / 1991
USSR
Yerevan.am29.742.92101.58511.03Dram 
Australia
1901Canberra.au7,69224.832.821390.15Dollar (reg.)
Austria
976Vienna.at83.888.82101.423409.31Euro
Azerbaijan
1991*Baku.az86.69.9011.67639.20Manat
Bahamas
1973Nassau.bs13.880.39325.21559.12Dollar (reg.)
Bahrain
1971Manama.bh0.771.5420074733.87Dinar (reg.)
Bangladesh
1971Dhaka.bd147.57164.101319142250.02Taka
Barbados
1966Bridgetown.bd0.440.28660574.82Dollar (reg.)
Belarus
1991Minsk.bb207.69.4945.85052.78Ruble (reg.)
Belgium
1830Brussels.be30.5311.40363.621491.67Euro
Belize
1981Belmopan.bz230.3714.11011.81Dollar (reg.)
Benin
1960Porto-Novo.bj114.7610.8894.81669.41Franc (reg.)
Bhutan
16??Thimphu.bt38.390.8019.31322.32Ngultrum, Indian Rupee
Bolivia
1825La Paz.bo1098.5811.4110.411937.77Boliviano
Bosnia Herzegovina
1154*Sarajevo.ba51.23.53698517.45Mark
Botswana
1966Gaborone.bw581.732.163.710616.72Pula
Brazil
1822Brasília.br8515.77208.7423.8752080.92Real
Brunei
1368Bandar Seri Begawan.bn5.760.41672.13111.96Dollar (reg.)
Bulgaria
680*Sofia.bg110.997.264.95955.95Lev
Burkina Faso
1960Ouagadougou.bf274.217.3263.1718313.18Franc (reg.)
Burundi
1945*Bujumbura.bi27.8311.18401.61843.39Franc (reg.)
Cambodia
68*Phnom Penh.kh181.0415.4681.814322.25Riel
Cameroon
1960Yaoundé.cm475.4423.7939.715330.65Franc (reg.)
Canada
1867Ottawa.ca9984.7037.043.41101640.39Dollar (reg.)
Cape Verde
1975Praia.cv4.030.525123.71221.72 Escudo (reg.)
Central African Republic
1960Bangui.cf622.984.717.11871.99Franc (reg.)
Chad
1960N'Djamena.td128413.678.61859.74Franc (reg.)
Chile
1818Santiago.cl756.1182442263.20Peso
China
1912 / -2070*Beijing.td9596.901389.61459011937.56Yuan
Colombia
1810Bogota.cl1141.7549.6640.7497307.47Peso
Comoros
1975Moroni.co2.030.7983921590.66Franc (reg.)
Congo
(Republic of)
1960
FRA
Brazzaville.km342.594.6612.81767.79Franc (reg.)
Congo
(Democratic Republic of)
1960Kinshasa.cd2345.4081.6834.836940.41Franc (reg.)
Costa Rica
1821San José.cr51.14.59846658.90 Colón (reg.)
Croatia
1991
YUG
Zagreb.hr56.594.2975.84753.48Kuna
Cuba
1902Havana.cu109.8811.241026787.13 Peso (reg.)
Cyprus
1960Limassol.cy9.251.14123.43221.10Euro
Czech Republic
870*Prague.cz78.8710.5513428209.65Czech koruna
Denmark
1849 / 1948Copenhagen.dk42.935.781335324.14Danish krone
Djibouti
1977Djibouti.dj23.20.8237.21682.08Franc (reg.)
Dominica
1967*Roseau.dm0.750.072105940.61Dollar (reg.)
Dominican Republic
1924Santo Domingo.do48.4410.0819710174.83Peso
East Timor
aka Timor Leste
1975Dili.tl15.411.17781332.71Dollar (US)
Ecuador
1809Quito.ec283.5616.9458.958898.57Dollar (US)
Egypt
1922
UK
Cairo.eg1010.4196.6190108408.04Pound (reg.)
El Salvador
1841San Salvador.sv21.046.37303.111627.40Dollar (US)
Equatorial Guinea
1968
ESP
Malabo.gq28.051.223113810.06Franc (reg.)
Eritrea
1952 / -980*Asmara.er117.66.3851.81866.05Nakfa
Estonia
1918
RUS
Tallinn.ee45.341.32283025.68Euro
Ethiopia
1137 / 1987Addis Ababa.et1104.3099.4682.5817479.73Birr
Fiji
1970
UK
Suva.fj18.270.90946.4905.05Dollar (reg.)
Finland
1917
RUS
Helsinki.fi338.425.481624251.38Euro
France
486*Paris.fr643.867.20116222574.81Euro
Gabon
1960
FRA
Libreville.ga267.671.475.511014.46Franc (reg.)
Gambia
1965
UK
Banjul.gm10.691.88176.11721.03Dalasi
Georgia
1008*Tbilisi.de69.73.7253.5615.23Georgian lari
Germany
962*Berlin.eu357.1782.1822743651.87Euro
Ghana
1957
UK
Accra.gh238.5327.04101.52945.46Cedi
Greece
1822
TKY
Athens.gr131.9610.958279204.29Euro
Grenada
1974
UK
St. George's.gd0.3490.109318.61281.11Dollar (reg.)
Guatemala
1823
MEX
Guatemala City.gt108.8915.8112917770.80Quetzal
Guinea-Bissau
1958
FRA
Bissau.gn36.131.6946.91241.29Franc (reg.)
Guinea
1973
POR
Conakry.gw245.848.7540.91799.18Franc (reg.)
Guyana
1966
UK
Georgetown.gy214.970.7353.51633.59Dollar (reg.)
Haiti
1804
FRA
Port-au-Prince.ht27.7510.63821318.36Gourde
Honduras
1838
FRCA
Tegucigalpa.hn112.498.25644422.67Lempira
Hungary
895Budapest.hu93.039.85105.916132.03Forint
Iceland
900 (c.)Reykjavík.is102.7750.333.2924.84 Króna (reg.)
India
1947
UK
New Delhi.in3287.261328.73389.41102439.01Rupee
Indonesia
1945
NED
Jakarta.id1904.57255.46124.66691010.94Rupiah
Iran
-678Tehran.ir1648.2081.2648121427.66Rial
Iraq
1932
UK
Baghdad.iq437.0738.1582.718192.66Iraqi dinar
Ireland
Republic / Éire
1937 / 1922
UK
Dublin.ie70.274.7667.78325.64Euro
Israel
1948Jerusalem.il301.348.82387.63172348New shekel
Italy
1861*Rome.it301.3460.67201.3991921.14Euro
Ivory Coast
1960
FRA
Yamoussoukro.ci322.4623.9263.92039.90Franc (reg.)
Jamaica
1962
UK
Kingston.jm10.992.952688014.29Dollar (reg.)
Japan
-660Tokyo.jp377.97126.56107564884.49Yen
Jordan
1921
UK
Amman.jo89.3410.0910714540.48Dinar (reg.)
Kazakhstan
1991
USSR
Astana.kz2724.9017.696.49137156.18Tenge
Kenya
1963
UK
Nairobi.ke581.3145.01787578.39 Shilling (reg.)
Kiribati
1979
UK
Tarawa Atoll.ki0.810.103135170.19Dollar (reg.)
Korea DPR
aka North Korea
1946Pyongyang.kp120.5424.15198.34816.12 Won (reg.)
Korea Republic
aka South Korea
1945Seoul.kr100.2150.85071201411 Won (reg.)
Kosovo
1992*
YUG
Pristinan/a10.911.861591417.53Euro
Kuwait
1752Kuwait City.kw17.824.35200.246118.27Dinar (reg.)
Kyrgyzstan
1991
USSR
Bishkek.kg199.95627.4677.06Som
Laos
1949
FRA
Vientiane.la236.86.826.716217.15Kip
Latvia
1991
USSR
Riga.lv64.591.9334.317730.17Euro
Lebanon
1943
USA
Beirut.lb10.456.185609452.69Pound (reg.)
Lesotho
1966
UK
Maseru.ls30.352.0768.11622.72Lesotho loti
Liberia
1847Monrovia.lr111.374.540.4372.14Dollar (reg.)
Libya
1947
ITA
Tripoli.ly1759.506.43.5533.31Libyan dinar
Liechtenstein
1866
GER
Vaduz.li0.160.037227156.67Franc (reg.)
Lithuania
1990
USSR
Vilnius.lt65.32.814546.66Euro
Luxembourg
1815
FRA
Luxembourg.lu2.580.576222.81963.51Euro
Macedonia
1991-3
YUG
Skopje.mk25.712.0780.115411.41Macedonian denar
Madagascar
1960
FRA
Antananarivo.mg587.0422.4335.217410.55Malagasy ariary
Malawi
1964
UK
Lilongwe.mw118.4816.41128.8626.26Kwacha
Malaysia
1957
UK
Kuala Lumpur.my330.832.4392103309.85Ringgit
Maldives
1965
UK
Malé.mv0.2980.39311021764.52Maldivian rufiyaa
Mali
1960
FRA
Bamako.ml1240.2014.5211.73714.99Franc (reg.)
Malta
1964
UK
Valletta.mt0.3160.445141015612.01Euro
Marshall Islands
1979
USA
Majuro.mh181.430.072293630.20Dollar (US)
Mauritania
1960
FRA
Nouakchott.mr10304.073.4744.98Ouguiya
Mauritius
1968
UK
Port Louis.mr2.041.26618.2412.27Mauritian rupee
Mexico
1810
ESP
Mexico City.mx1972.55119.53611142.45Peso
Micronesia
1986
USA
Palikir.fm0.70.106158.10.33Dollar (US)
Moldova
1990
USSR
Chisinau.md33.852.911051077.94Leu
Monaco
1814
FRA
Monaco (City-state).mc0.0020.03818713906.08Euro
Mongolia
1911
CPR
Ulaanbaatar.mn15663.201.974910.86Tögrög
Montenegro
2006
SER
Podgorica.me13.810.62451264.40Euro
Morocco
1956
FRA
Rabat.ma710.8534.6073.1180110.70Dirham
Mozambique
1975
POR
Maputo.mz801.5924.728.714312.34Metical
Myanmar
1948
UK
Naypyidaw.mm676.5851.497612666.96Kyat
Namibia
1990
SAF
Windhoek.na825.622.112.5414512.55Dollar (reg.)
Nauru
1968Yaren.nr0.02110.084800.10Dollar (reg.)
Nepal
1768Kathmandu.np147.1826.4918024.06Dollar (reg.)
Netherlands
1581
ESP
Amsterdam.nl41.5417.20410.87824.48Euro
New Zealand
1856
UK
Wellington.nz268.024.8617.513200.83Dollar (reg.)
Nicaragua
1821Managua.ni130.386.175112513.69Córdoba
Niger
1960
FRA
Niamey.ne126717.1412.11887.89Franc (reg.)
Nigeria
1960
UK
Abuja.ng923.77188.46197.2152394.81Naira
Norway
1814Oslo.no385.185.2115.51392.05Norwegian krone
Oman
1744
POR
Muscat.om309.54.41135271.93Rial
Pakistan
1947
UK
Islamabad.pk881.91210.80244.4147304.40Pakistani rupee
Palau
1947
USA
Ngerulmud.pw465.550.021546.7600.32Dollar (US)
Palestine
1988*Jerusalem (East).ps6.224.557316013.40Egyptian pound, Israeli new shekel, Jordanian dinar
Panama
1821
ESP
Panama City.pa0.743.9345.915859.05Balboa, Dollar (US)
Papua New Guinea
1949
AUS
Port Moresby.pg462.847.061511221.81Kina
Paraguay
1811
ESP
Asuncion.py406.756.7817.28428.78Guaraní
Peru
1821
ESP
Lima.pe1285.2231.1523115210.01Nuevo sol
Philippines
1898
ESP
Manila.ph300105.53336.636321.18Peso
Poland
966Warsaw.pl312.67938.4912343509.95Euro
Portugal
868Lisbon.pt92.2110.3411532211.69Riyal
Qatar
1971
UK
Doha.qa11.592.7017652166.34Riyal
Romania
1877-8Bucharest.kn238.3919.5184.450204.94Leu
Russia
1721 / 1917 / 1993Moscow.ru17075.20144.198.41631469.34Ruble
Rwanda
1962
BGM
Kigali.rw26.3411.26445778.91Franc (reg.)
St. Kitts & Nevis
1983
UK
Basseterre.kn0.260.05164891Dollar (reg.)
St. Lucia
1979
UK
Castries.lc0.620.18298971.71Dollar (reg.)
St. Vincent & the Grenadines
1979Kingstown.vc0.340.13071050.82Dollar (reg.)
Samoa
1962
NZD
Apia.ws2.840.19566260.84Tala
San Marino
301 / 1600San Marino.sm0.0610.033520261.59Euro
São Tomé & Principe
1975
POR
São Tomé.sn0.960.19187.171630.37Dobra
Saudi Arabia
1932Riyadh.sc2149.6930.7714.366678.54Saudi riyal
Senegal
1960
FRA
Dakar.sl196.7113.5768.76416.05Franc (reg.)
Serbia
2006
YUG
Belgrade.sk77.477.0492.818139.36Serbian dinar
Seychelles
1976
UK
Victoria.si0.460.092186.2641.47Seychellois rupee
Sierra Leone
1961
UK
Freetown.sb71.747.0879.4353.89Leone
Singapore
1965
MYA
Singapore (City-state).so0.725.6176975305.75Dollar (reg.)
Slovakia
1993
CZE
Bratislava.sk49.045.4311115694.99Euro
Slovenia
1991
YUG
Ljubljana.si20.272.06101.811648.07Euro
Solomon Islands
1978
UK
Honiara.sb28.40.52318.11691.27Dollar (reg.)
Somalia
1960Mogadishu.so637.6612.3219.31266.22Shilling (reg.)
South Africa
1910
UK
Pretoria.za1221.0454.9813.3373344.06Rand
South Sudan
2011
SUD
Juba.ss619.7512.3413.331662.91Pound (reg.)
Spain
1812*Madrid.es509.9946.42921031307.17Euro
Sri Lanka
1948
UK
Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte.lk65.6120.2730915083.56Sri Lankan rupee
Sudan
1956
UK / EGY
Khartoum.sd1886.0740.2421.3118.97Sudanese pound
Suriname
1975
NED
Paramaribo.sr163.820.572.93.66Dollar (reg.)
Swaziland
1968
UK
Mbabane.sz17.361.1221.54.03Lilangeni
Sweden
1100-1150Stockholm.se420.39.9221.514541.88 Krona (reg.)
Switzerland
1291Bern.ch41.298.341982680.64Franc (reg.)
Syria
1945
FRA / UN
Damascus.sy185.1817.06118.313477.46Pound (reg.)
Taiwan
aka Republic of China
1912Taipei.st36.1923.4148.6143571.45New Taiwan dollar
Tajikistan
1991
USSR
Dushanbe.tj143.18.1647.51297.23Somoni
Tanzania
1961
UK
Dodoma.tz947.351.82132.115151.61Tanzanian shilling
Thailand
1768Bangkok.th513.1267.96132.193437.80Baht
Togo
1960
FRA
Lomé.tg56.797.55125.91664.79Franc (reg.)
Tonga
1970
UK
Nukuʻalofa.to0.7480.11391000.44Paʻanga
Trinidad & Tobago
Port of Spain.tt5.131.35254.46420.30Dollar (reg.)
Tunisia
1956
FRA
Tunis.tn163.6110.98639639.88Dinar (reg.)
Turkey
1923Ankara.tr783.3579.4610272841.20Lira
Turkmenistan
1991
USSR
Ashgabat.tm491.215.1710.510941.67Manat
Tuvalu
1978
UK
Funafuti.tv0.02610.64475.881640.04Dollar (reg.)
Uganda
1962
UK
Kampala.ug241.0436.6137.18126.39Ugandan shilling
Ukraine
1991
USSR
Kiev.ua603.545.3773.841104.06Ukrainian hryvnia
United Arab Emirates
1968
UK
Abu Dhabi.ae83.68.2699378.65UAE dirham
United Kingdom
1922*London.uk242.564.1255.6162565.05Pound
United Kingdom - England
500 (est.)London.uk130.2853.014202201.05Pound
United Kingdom - Northern Ireland
1921Belfast.uk / .ie14.131.8113643.43Pound (reg.)
United Kingdom - Scotland
843Edinburgh.uk / .scot80.085.369233.33Pound (reg.)
United Kingdom - Wales
1057Cardiff.uk / .cymru20.783.0614955.80Pound
United States
1776* / 1848 / 1867Washington (DC).us*9833.52326.73101019362.13Dollar
Uruguay
1814
ESP
Montevideo.uy176.23.4318.65260.26Peso
Uzbekistan
1991
USSR
Tashkent.uz448.9831.5870.311467.50Som
Vanuatu
1980
FRA / UK
Port Vila.vu12.190.2619.71340.84Vatu
Vatican City
1929
ITA
Vatican City.va0.040.00122720*Euro
Venezuela
1830
COL
Caracas.ve916.428.9431.4271215.30BOL Fuerte
Vietnam
1976Hanoi.vn332.791.7276.03116215.96đồng
Yemen
1990Sana'a.ye528.124.5244.715425.66Rial
Zambia
1964Lusaka.zm752.613.0917.213925.57Kwacha
Zimbabwe
1965
UK
Harare.zw390.812.972615517.10Dollar (US)

About this page

This page was first published in February 2016 followed by a substantial redesign of the nation by nation information layout in February 2018. Information on this page may change as a result of any inaccuracies identified. Key sources of information for this page include Wikipedia.

See also

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